This book is a revised edition of the original Norwegian language publication issued in 1994.
Today, hydraulics is an indispensable sector of modern engineering science. Enormous technological advances have been made since the initial use of water as a hydraulic medium in Joseph Bramah’s press of 1795.
Despite the considerable number of publications dealing with hydraulics, the vast majority are principally concerned with the mechanical components and system design. Very few allot more than a chapter or so to the functional fluids which, after all, are the energy bearing media. In the following pages I therefore review the development of modern hydraulic fluids, discuss their physical/chemical properties in relation to operational requirements, and offer guidance concerning suitable maintenance routines.
It is my hope that this book may contribute to a wider understanding of the various fluid types and their discreet application. I must admit to a sometimes overwhelming temptation to include additional data, documentation and discussion with respect to a number of my own particular fields of interest. Fortunately these urges were largely curbed by an exacting deadline, otherwise I would probably still be preparing a perhaps more lucid and comprehensive though unfinished text.
This foreword would not be complete without a sincere expression of appreciation to the many people who have assisted me during the preparation of the manuscript. Particular thanks to my previous employer, Shell Norway; also to publisher Birger Mdbach and Dag Viggo in Yrkesopplzering ans (Oslo) for invaluable assistance in printing the original illustrations. Last, but not least, I would express my gratitude for the encouragement and forebearance of my wife and friends during long periods dedicated to my PC alone.
Stabekk, Norway, 7th December 1995
Batchelor. Introduction to fluid dynamics (CUP, 2000)(T)(631s)
‘This book gives an excellent introduction to fluid dynamics … many interesting and important photographs of fluid flows are included in order to help the students who do not have an opportunity of observing flow phenomena in a laboratory. The book also contains exercises at the end of each chapter. In comparison with many currently available books, I find this book by Batchelor especially stimulating and useful for students of applied mathematics and engineering.’ L. Debnath, Zentralblatt MATH
First published in 1967, Professor Batchelor’s classic work is still one of the foremost texts on fluid dynamics. His careful presentation of the underlying theories of fluids is still timely and applicable, even in these days of almost limitless computer power. This reissue ensures that a new generation of graduate students experiences the elegance of Professor Batchelor’s writing.
Provides the definition, equations and derivations that characterize the foundation of fluid mechanics utilizing minimum mathematics required for clarity yet retaining academic integrity. The text focuses on pipe flow, flow in open channels, flow measurement methods, forces on immersed objects, and unsteady flow. It includes over 50 fully solved problems to illustrate each concepts.;Three chapters of the book are reprinted from Fundamental Fluid Mechanics for the Practical Engineer by James W. Murdock.
From the reviews of the third edition:
“This book, primarily oriented towards industrial applications, intends to provide engineers with the necessary background to use and understand commercial fluid dynamics modeling codes or, alternatively, to develop their own. … In summary, this text, which is commendable for its excellent plain English and pedagogic qualities, constitutes an excellent introduction to the world of computational fluid dynamics and will proudly find its place on the shelf besides more classical reference textbooks.” (Michael Crucifix, Physicalia, Vol. 25 (2), 2003)
“In reviewer’s opinion, the book is a mixture of surveys and detailed discussions, the latter reflecting the experience of the authors. Thus the book is valuable for the beginners and also for the specialists.” (Willi Schönauer, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 998, 2002)
“In its 3rd revised and extended edition the book offers an overview of the techniques used to solve problems in fluid mechanics on computers and describes in detail those most often used in practice. … The book also contains a great deal of practical advice for code developers and users, it is designed to be equally useful to beginners and experts. … A full-feature user-friendly demo-version of a commercial CFD software has been added … .” (ETDE Energy Database, January, 2002)
In its third revised and extended edition the book offers an overview of the techniques used to solve problems in fluid mechanics on computers. The authors describe in detail the most often used techniques. Included are advanced techniques in computational fluid dynamics, such as direct and large-eddy simulation of turbulence. Moreover, a new section deals with grid quality and an extended description of discretization methods has also been included. Common roots and basic principles for many apparently different methods are explained. The book also contains a great deal of practical advice for code developers and users.
Q5. Fluid Flow Measurement
Review of first edition:
This book shows engineers how to turn theory into practice with realistic advice…valuable guidelines and often overlooked factors that apply in the practice of flow measurement but which are not found in many reviews and industrial standards. (Plant Engineering)
Experienced author provides authoritative and practical advice that appeals to engineers who want to avoid detailed theory.
• Hardcover: 296 pages
• Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing; 2 edition (January 22, 2002)
• Language: English
• ISBN-10: 088415758X
• ISBN-13: 978-0884157588
My involvemcnt with Pijush Kundu’s FluidMechunics first began in April 1991 with a letter from him asking mc to consider his book for adoption in the first year graduatc courSe 1 had been teaching for 25 ycars. That started a correspondence and, in fact, I did adopt the book lor the following acadcmic ycar. The correspondence related to improving the book by enhancing or clarifying various points. T would not have
taken the time to do that iT I hadn’t thought this was thc best book at the first-year graduate level. .By the end of that ycar we werc alrcady discussing a swond edition and whether 1 would have a role in it. By early 1992, howcvcr, it was clcar that T had a crushing administrative burden at the University or Pennsylvania and could not undertake any time-consuming projects for the next several years. My wile and 1 met Pijush and Shikha for the first time in December 1992. They were a charming, erudite, sophisticated couple with two brilliant children. We immediately relt a bond orwarmth and €riendship with them. Shikha was a Leacher like my wife so the four of us had a great deal in common. A couple or years later we were shocked to hear that Pijush had died suddenly and unexpectedly. It saddened me gcatly bccause I M been looking forward to working with Yijush on the second edition after my term as department chainnan ended in mid-1997. For the next year and a half, howcvcr, scrious family health problems detoured any plans. Discussions on this cdition resumed in July ol 1999 and wcrc concludcd in the Spring or 2000 when my work really started. Thishook remains thc principal work product of Pijush K. Kundu, especially the lengthy chapters on Gravity Waves, Instability, and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, his areas or expertise. I have addcd ncw material to all of the other chapters, often providing an alternative point of view. Specifically, vcctor field derivatives have been generalized, as have been streamfunctions. Additional material has been added to thc chaptcrs on
laminar flows and boundary layers. The trcatmcnt of one-dimensional gasdynamics has been extended. Morc problems have been added to most chapters. ProIessor Howard H. Hu, a recognized expert in computational fluid dynamics, graciously provided an cntircly new chapter, Chapter 1 1, thcrchy providing the student with an entree into this cxploding new field. Both finite diffcrcncc and Gnite element methods arc introduced and a delailed worked-out cxamplc of each is provided. 1 have becn a studcnt 01 fluid mechanics since 1954 when I entered college to study aeronautical engineering. I have been teaching fluid mechanics sincc 1963 when
I joincd thc Brown University faculty, and I have been teaching a course corresponding to this book since moving to thc University orPennsylvania in 1966. I am most grdtCfUl 10 two of my own tcahers, Prolessor Wallace D. Hayes (191 8-2001), who expressed fluid mechanics in the clearest way I have ever seen, and Professor Martin D. Kruskal, whose use of mathematics to solve difficult physical problcms was developed to a high art form and reminds me of a Vivaldi trumpet concerto. His codification of rules of applied limit processes into the principles of “Asymptotology” remajns with me today as a way to view problems. T am grateful also to countless students who asked questions, forcing me to rethink many points.
The editors at Academic Press, Gregory Franklin and Marsha Filion (assistant) have been very supportive of my efforls and have tied to light a fire under me. Since this edition was completed, I found that thcrc is even more new and original material I would like to add. But, alas, that will have to wait for the next edition. The new figures and modifications of old figures were donc by Maryeileen Ranford with occasional assistance from the school’s software expert, Paul W. Shaffer. I greatly appreciate their job well done.
Ira M. Cohen
Q7. Mathematical Introduce to Fluid Mechanics
This book is based on a one-term course in fluid mechanics originally taught in the Department of Mathematics of the University of California, Berkeley, during the spring of 1978. The goal of the course was not to provide an exhaustive account of fluid mechanics, nor to assess the engineering value of various approximation procedures. The goals were:
• to present some of the basic ideas of fluid mechanics in a mathematically attractive manner (which does not mean “fully rigorous”);
• to present the physical background and motivation for some constructions that have been used in recent mathematical and numerical work on the Navier–Stokes equations and on hyperbolic systems; and
• to interest some of the students in this beautiful and difficult subject.
Q8. Myshkis A.D., et al. Low-Gravity Fluid Mechanics (Springer, 1987)(601s)
This book provides the community with a concise volume covering fluid mechanics and transport phenomena in a variety of research fields of low-gravity science. It combines an educational goal to report relevant and archival information with the latest scientific insight and current knowledge in the field.
The authors’ special effort makes this volume a required compendium for the bookshelves of the microgravity scientist, space-processing researcher, and engineering manager.
• Hardcover: 750 pages
• Publisher: Amer Inst of Aeronautics & (August 1990)
• Language: English
• ISBN-10: 0930403746
• ISBN-13: 978-0930403744
Q9. Nonlinear Water Waves
The contributors to this volume present novel solution methods for nonlinear wave structure interaction problems and also discuss new phenomena associated with the interaction of water waves. Subjects covered include nonlinear water wave computation using the desinglarised method, nonlinear diffraction with soil interaction, and parametrically forced wave instability in three-dimensional radiation problems–theory and experiments.
Q10. Pozrikidis C. Fluid dynamics. Theory, computation and numerical simulation (Kluwer, 2001)(T)(557s)
From the reviews of the second edition: “The book unites the traditional fluid dynamics with computer programming and numerical solutions using MATLAB programs and CFD methods. … The combination of introduction into theoretical and numerical fluid dynamics by the combined treatment immediately after formulation of many problems is interesting and very useful. … highly recommended for students, researchers, and engineers.” (Bernd Platzer, Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, Vol. 90 (6), 2010) –This text refers to the Hardcover edition.
This is the only available book that extends the classical field of fluid dynamics into the realm of scientific computing in a way that is both comprehensive and accessible to the beginner.
There are several additions and subject expansions in the Second Edition of Fluid Dynamics, including new Matlab and FORTRAN codes. Solution procedures and algorithms are developed immediately after problem formulations are presented, and numerical methods are introduced on a need-to-know basis and in increasing order of difficulty. Matlab codes are presented and discussed for a broad range of topics; from interfacial shapes in hydrostatics, to vortex dynamics, to Stokes flow, to turbulent flow.
A must for practitioners and students in all fields of engineering, computational physics, scientific computing, and applied mathematics, this book can be used as a text in undergraduate and graduate courses in fluid mechanics, aerodynamics, and computational fluid dynamics.
–This text refers to the Hardcover edition.
Q11. Principles of Computational Fluid Dynamics
“This book is a well-written graduate level text in computational fluid dynamics. The text begins with a rather thorough discussion and derivation of the equations of fluid dynamics, followed by a review of topics in the theory of partial differential equations. There is a good introduction to the two numerical methods, finite volume and finite difference, that are treated in this text. The material is well-organized, starting with simple one-dimensional equations and moving to numerical methods for two-dimensional and three-dimensional problems. Grids are treated in some detail. In addition to simple colocated grids, there is discussion of non-uniform, staggered, and unstructured grids. There is a good mixture of theoretical and computational topics. This text should be of value to all researchers interested in computational fluid dynamics.” — MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS
This up-to-date book gives an account of the present state of the art of numerical methods employed in computational fluid dynamics. The underlying numerical principles are treated in some detail, using elementary methods. The author gives many pointers to the current literature, facilitating further study. This book will become the standard reference for CFD for the next 20 years.
• Paperback: 644 pages
• Publisher: Springer; 1st Edition. edition (December 18, 2009)
• Language: English
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