RECENT ADVANCES IN ARTIFICLAL NEURAL NETWORKS

RECENT ADVANCES IN ARTIFICLAL NEURAL NETWORKS


Neural networks are a new generation of information processing paradigms designed to mimic some of the behaviors of the human brain. These networks have gained tremendous popularity due to their ability to learn, recall and generalize from training data. A number of

neural network paradigms have been reported in the last four decades, and in the last decade the neural networks have been refined and widely used by researchers and application engineers.

The main purpose of this book is to report recent advances in neural network paradigms and their applications. It is impossible to include all recent advances in this book; hence, only a sample has been included.

This book consists of 10 chapters. Chapter 1, by Ghosh and Taha, presents the architecture of a neuro-symbolic hybrid system. This system embeds initial domain knowledge and/or statistical information

into a custom neural network, refines this network using training data, and finally extracts refined knowledge in the form of refined rule base. Two successful applications of this hybrid system are described. Chapter 2, by Karayiannis and Behnke, presents an axiomatic approach

for formulating radial basis function neural networks. The batch and sequential learning algorithms are developed for reformulated radial basis function neural networks. This approach is demonstrated on handwritten digit recognition.

Chapter 3, by Vassilas, is on efficient neural network-based methodology for the design of multiple classifiers. An increase in speed in the neural network training phase as well as in the selection of fuzzy and statistical supervised classifiers is achieved by size reduction and

redundancy removal from the data set. The catalog of self-organizing feature maps together with the index table is used as a compressed representation of the original data. This technique is demonstrated on land-cover classification of multi-spectral satellite image showing

increased speed.

© 2000 by CRC Press LLC

Versino and Gambardella describe the design of a self-organizing maplike neural network which learns to associate actions with perceptions under the supervision of a planning system in Chapter 4. This novel technique is validated in learning fine motion in robotics.

Chapter 5, by Fernández-Delgado, Presedo, Lama, and Barro, is on a new neural network called MART for adaptive pattern recognition of multichannel input signals. A real application related to the multichannel signal processing is presented to demonstrate the ability of this network to solve complex problems. Caudell and Healy present their research on a new version of the lateral

priming adaptive resonance theory network in Chapter 6. They demonstrate that this architecture not only has one of the highest bounds on learning convergence, but also has strong empirical evidence of excellent generalization performance.

Chapter 7, by Aboulenien and De Wilde, discusses  an intelligent agent that employs a machine learning technique in order to provide assistance to users dealing with a particular computer application. The authors present actual results from a prototype agent built using this

technique applied on flight reservation domain.

Chapter 8, by Halici, Leblebicioglu, Özgen, and Tuncay, presents some applications of neural networks in process control. The authors show that hybrid methods using neural networks are very promising for the  control of nonlinear systems.

Chapter 9, by Howlett, de Zoysa, and Walters, is on monitoring internal combustion engines by neural network based virtual sensing. It is necessary to reduce the quantities of polluting gases emitted by this engine and to decrease the amount of fuel consumed per kilometer. The

use of neural networks for monitoring the parameters of this engines is proposed.

Pedrycz presents a novel approach to pattern classification using a concept of fuzzy Petri nets in Chapter 10. The learning scheme is illustrated with the aid of numeric examples.

 

This book will be useful for application engineers, scientists, and research students who wish to use neural networks for solving realworld problems.

We would like to express our sincere thanks to Berend-Jan van der Zwaag, Irene van der Zwaag-Tong, Ashlesha Jain, Ajita Jain and Sandhya Jain for their help in the preparation of the manuscript. We are grateful to the authors for their contributions, and thanks are due to

Dawn Mesa, Lyn Meany, and Suzanne Lassandro for their editorial  assistance.

Lakhmi Jain, Australia

Anna Maria Fanelli, Italy

 

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